Measures should be: targeted; specific; effective; realistic.
At the same time, there are almost no significant changes in such areas as economic and information compare and contrast essay online 123helpme issues, reform in the defense and security sector. But the worst thing is that there is a significant departure from NATO requirements in areas such as domestic and resource issues.
The situation with the freedom of the press and other mass media has deteriorated, and the electoral system and the electoral process in Ukraine are of great concern to international organizations, in particular the issues of its transparency and democracy, as well as the protection of civil liberties. It is these domestic political issues that are key to the Alliance, crucial to inviting a country to join.
Therefore, in order to become a member of NATO, it is first necessary to change the conceptual approaches in Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration strategy.
These new conceptual approaches should be based on the following principles:
1. The primary goal in relations with the Alliance should be Ukraine’s accession to NATO, and not long-term Euro-Atlantic integration with an uncertain perspective, which does not oblige any specific party. Based on this priority, it is necessary to move away from the philosophy of “special partnership” or “deep cooperation”, which in the new historical framework of today has already exhausted itself. This formula of relations should be changed to relations, the main purpose of which will be Ukraine’s membership in NATO.
2. In accordance with this goal, it is necessary to revise all guiding documents governing the implementation of Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration policy. This applies in particular to the NATO-Ukraine Target Plan for 2004.
It, like the analytical Target Plan for 2003, repeats the structure of the MAP, but in its content lacks too much abstractness, a mechanical set of goals without determining their priority, chaotic replenishment of measures that are not always subject to the main goal – Ukraine’s accession to NATO.
Thus, of the whole set of goals and activities, only goal II. And I. “Reform of the Armed Forces” (in the subsection “Reform in the field of security and defense”) was renewed by more or less specific measures that meet the main goal. All other content of the Action Plan has been renewed by national measures that are not at all related to Ukraine’s accession to NATO or are indirectly related. Therefore, the fallacy of such a methodological approach can be corrected by selecting goals in accordance with the main goal.
Defining short- and medium-term goals that would best meet the main goal of joining NATO.
In the short term, these goals should ensure Ukraine’s candidate status for NATO membership. This requires, first, NATO’s trust in Ukraine in its commitment to Euro-Atlantic values and its intention to become a member of the Alliance, and second, its ability to make a real contribution to collective defense, peacekeeping and other new Allied missions … In accordance with these two requirements, it is necessary to develop an appropriate tree of goals to be achieved.
The medium-term perspective should include a set of goals that would allow the legal stage of NATO membership to be successfully completed. In contrast to the short-term, mainly related to the military and political-diplomatic plane, the medium-term goals include the transformation of the socio-political, economic, spiritual sphere of society and the country as a whole. Such goals cannot be achieved in the short term, as they involve deeper progress, bringing not only the Armed Forces but the country as a whole closer to Alliance standards.
In the military and political spheres, this means the acquisition of common thinking and a common strategic culture, incompatible with the old Soviet stereotype. The realization of such a goal is a process of liberation from post-Sovietism (in its totalitarian sense) in approaches to the principles of governing the country, worldviews and political values. Of course, this process is quite long. What needs to be done to achieve this goal? First of all, a number of measures should be developed according to the following third principle.
Compliance of measures with the declared short-term and medium-term goals. The analysis of the measures contained in the NATO-Ukraine Target Plan for 2004 shows significant shortcomings in the methodology of their selection. Too much abstract wording does not make it possible to assess the relevance of these measures to the goals to which they are aimed. Moreover, in this case the criterion for assessing their implementation and effectiveness is lost.
For example, such formulations as “improvement of normative-legal regulation of the procedure of realization of the constitutional right of citizens” or “improvement of structure and activity of state bodies in the field of prevention of legalization of legalization ofeds from crime” or “proceeding of laws necessary to ensure Ukraine’s accession to the WTO “they do not commit to anything specific and it is extremely difficult to assess their effectiveness or level of implementation.
Some of the measures included in the 2004 Target Plan do not fall within the scope of Euro-Atlantic integration at all, such as “the development and adoption of regulations in the field of standardization in order to minimize the possible negative consequences of EU enlargement for Ukrainian exporters. “
Such examples show that the measures provided for in the 2004 Target Plan are largelyvague, unfocused, ineffective. In their content, they have little effect on the realization of the goal. Therefore, the selection and formulation of measures should be carried out in accordance with the relevant requirements. Activities should be:
purposeful; specific; effective; realistic.
With regard to the latter requirements, it is necessary to take into account such factors as external and internal conditions, the availability of appropriate resources, political will and appropriate structures, deadlines, as well as personal capacity to implement these measures.
Building and implementing a well-established strategy for short-term and medium-term NATO membership. Such a strategy must take into account the whole set of foreign and domestic policy, objective and subjective conditions, which are formed in a certain historical period of time.
The strategy of action in the short term should be subordinated to the achievement of the main goal, as well as intermediate goals. The main goal in the short term is to receive an invitation from NATO countries to join the Alliance. Intermediate goals should be aimed at achieving the main goal. They are to meet NATO’s two requirements: to build confidence in Ukraine and its ability to contribute to the Alliance’s collective capacity, that is, its ability to meet its obligations.
Achieving trust involves Ukraine to solve the following tasks:
1. Refusal to pursue a two-vector policy in the foreign policy and military-political spheres, which means re-subordinating relations with Russia to the interests related to Ukraine’s accession to the Alliance. Until now, Russia’s military-political orientation is hampering Ukraine’s move towards NATO and undermining the Alliance’s confidence in it as a reliable partner.
For example, on the one hand, Ukraine plans to join NATO’s Air Information Exchange Program and at the same time ratify the CIS Air Navigation Treaty, which was developed on the basis of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Use of Airspace of 15 May. 1992 This Agreement is an important component of the Tashkent Collective Security Treaty, to which Ukraine does not belong.
On the one hand, the NATO-Ukraine Action Plan declares the goal of creating the necessary conditions for WTO accession and promoting economic cooperation between Ukraine and the Alliance, on the other hand, Ukraine ratifies the Common Economic Space Treaty, which effectively cancels all achievements in the acquisition process. membership in the World Trade Organization, and postpones the prospect of such membership indefinitely.
2. Ensuring freedom of the press and civil liberties through the introduction of relevant laws, regulations, administrative and organizational and economic measures.
3. Deepening trust in the protection of information with limited access. In this context, some positive developments have been outlined, in particular the implementation of the Security Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and NATO.
NATO’s Restricted Information Code of Conduct needs to be further approved and fully implemented. Domestic legislation must be compatible with NATO’s regulatory framework. Much work needs to be done to bring NATO’s regulatory framework for the protection of restricted information, to establish confidential communications with NATO equipment, to modernize public telecommunications systems and information through which NATO restricted information may be transmitted.
All these technical issues, although they require certain financial costs, are not burdened by the political preconditions that hinder Ukraine’s progress towards membership in the Alliance. There are practically no political obstacles to their implementation related to the struggle for political power in the country.
4. The formation of a new generation of government officials and officials committed to the idea of Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration – a kind of “Euro-Atlantic” elite, which would have authority and trust in NATO structures. This will make it possible to form from such an elite certain teams that would be responsible for the practical implementation in key ministries and departments involved in the process of Euro-Atlantic integration, the course for Ukraine’s accession to NATO.
It seems expedient to introduce lustration in higher executive bodies, especially in law enforcement agencies, in parallel with such personnel policy measures. It should be noted that lustration is one of the prerequisites for personnel policy for NATO membership. It is designed to raise to key senior and middle management positions officials, professionals who are able to implement solutions aimed at Euro-Atlantic integration.